Wiggins surpassed the mark established by fellow British Alex Dowsettt in May 2015 by 1.5 km
The one-hour world record of Sir Bradley Wiggins will be challenged by Belgian Victor Campenaerts on April 16 and 17.
Britain's Wiggins set the mark 54.526 km in London on June 7, 2015.
Campenaerts, 27, will attempt the Bicentenario velodrome in Aguascalientes, Mexico, which has been the scene of many track record attempts as it is at 1,800 meters above sea level.
"I am attentive to all the details, so I hope to have a chance to improve the record," he said.
A time trial specialist on the road, Campenaerts won the last two European titles and finished third at the 2018 World Championships in Innsbruck.
"This record, the individual world time trial title and gold Olympic gold are the three dreams I want to continue in the next few years," added runner Lotto-Soudal.
"I do not think I'm a better athlete than Wiggins.
"The hour record is a unique challenge in cycling and the beat would be a way for me to write a little history."
There were nine unsuccessful attempts to improve the mark established by Wiggins, no runners coming closer than half a kilometer from his record.
Wiggins won gold in the Olympic Time Trial in London 2012, just days after becoming the first British rider to win the Tour de France. In 2014, he won the world time trial title on the road.
On the track, he won four Olympic titles and seven gold medals at the World Championship.
The Bicentenario velodrome allowed Frenchman François Pervis to break world records of 200m and 1km in 2013, while a German trio set a new team sprint world record.
American Ashton Lambie broke the 4km pursuit record last August. In September, the unknown Italian Vittoria Bussi had traveled 48,007 km in 60 minutes to set a new female time record.
Dane Martin Toft Madsen attempted to improve Wiggins' record on the site, but could handle only 53,630 km.